Saturday, October 16, 2010

One of the Wali Aulia Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti

Introduction about  Khwaja Moinuddin Chisti  .
We are thankful as well as grateful to the Almighty Allah that He granted us this opportunity to develop this site on the Life history of the Greatest Saint, Hazrat Khwaja Moinuddin Hasan Chishty Ajmeri (R.A.), his laudible qualities, teachings and miracles and much more in form of a Website.
It is either with grace of Allah or a small miracle of Khwaja Gharib Nawaz that an humble and helpless creature like me who has little knowledge, makes up his mind to compile the life history of Hazrat Khwaja Gharib Nawaz and completes it in the form of a Website.
The paramount necessity for presenting this website is that the devotees of Hazrat Khwaja Moinuddin Hassan Chisty (R.A) who flock to Ajmer from every nook and corner of the world, cannot fully explore the numerous works on the subject in oriental languages. They require a source which could give them a simple and understandable account of the revered authority for their own information and guidance as well as acquainting others of the life and mission of the saint.
This simple site would reveal to those person who are still unaware of this gracious spiritual master, and of his unbounded grace which is available to all irrespective of caste, creed, race, faith or colour. His shrine has been and is being visited by all. Here have thronged the mighty Mughal Rulers, Kings and Nobles, Rajas and Maharajas, Great Sufi Sheikhs of different orders, Politicians, Cricketers, Film Stars, The rich and the poor. All approach the door of benediction for the fulfillment of their desires and wishes. There is no doubt that the boundaries grace and blessing of this great saint shall continue to help humanity for ever.
This is my small effort to bring in  your kind notice the life and teachings of Khwaja Gharib Nawaz (R.A.). If you have any suggestions, complaints or any other views about this site please let me know.  Also if you have any images or Information which you want to be displayed on this site please add it onto our Forums.

 GENEOLOGYHazrat Khwaja Moinuddin Hasan Chishty (R.A) was one of the descendants of the illustrious family of Hazrat Ali, the son-in-law and cousin of the Holy Prophet Mohammed (S.A.W). His father Syed Ghayasuddin Hasan(R.A) was a very pious personality. His mother, Syeda Bibi Ummalwara alias Bibi Mahe-Noor, was the daughter of Syed Daud. While Hazrat Khwaja Moinuddin's paternal genealogy is traced from Hazrat Imam Husain, the younger son of Hazat Ali Karam-Allah Wajahu, his maternal genealogy is traced from Hazrat Imam Hasan, the elder son of Hazrat Ali.
Below are given both of these, genealogies :
Paternal geneology : Khwaja Moinuddm Hasan Chishti son of Khwaja Syed Ghyasuddin Hasan son of Syed Ahmed Hasan Sanjari son of Syed Husain Ahmed son of Hazrat Najmuddin Tahir son of Syed Khwaja Abdul Aziz Husain son of Syed Imam Mohammed Mehdi son of Syed Imam Hasan Askari son of Imam All Naqi son of Syed Imam Mohammed Taqi son of Imam Ah Musi Raza son of Imam Musi Kazim Raza son of Imam Mohammed Jafar Sadiq son of Imam Mohammed Baqar son of Hazrat Syed Imam Zain-ul Abideen son of Syed-us-Shohada Syed Imam Husain son of Hazrat Ali Karam-Allah-Wajahu son-in-law of the Holy Prophet Mohammed.

Maternal genealogy : Syeda Bibi Mah-e-Noor daughter of Syed Daud son of Hazrat Abdulla son of Syed Zahid son of Syed Moons son of Syed Daud-I son of Syedna Moosa son of Syedna Abdulla Mahaz son of Syedna Hasan Musa son of Syedna Hazrat Imam Hasan son of Syedna Hazrat Ali Karam-Allah Wajahu son in law of the holy prophet.

The two are related to each other by blood. Khwaja Gharib Nawaz and Hazrat Ghous Pak are maternal cousins.One more relation is that Hazrat Shaikh Mohiuddin Abdul Qadar Jilani (Ghousul Azam) is a maternal uncle of Hazrat Khwaja Gharib Nawaz (R.A.). Hazrat Shaikh Mohiuddin Abdul Qadar Jilani is the grandson of Hazrat Abdulla al Hambli. On the other side, the mother of Hazrat Khwaja Sahib, Hazrat Bibi Mahey Noor, is the grand daughter of Hazrat Abdulla-al-Hambli.Thus, the mother of Hazrat Khwaja Moinuddin Hassan Chishty(R.A) is a cousin of Hazrat Ghous Pak (R.A.).

Hazrat Khwaja Moinuddin Hasan Chishty was born (536 A-H.) at Chisht in Sistan, which was also known as; Sajistan, East Persia, the peace of Muslim world was horribly disturbed. Sistan and its surrounding lands were experiencing unprecedented bloodshed and plunder at the hands of barbarous Tartars and other rebels. These intruders had taken advantage of the weak government of Sultan Sanjar, an account of which has appeared in the preceding pages. The life and honour of the people were in constant danger. The wild Tartars had completely destroyed the flower of the Muslim nation. They outraged humanity practically in all the centres of the 600-year old Muslim civilisation and culture.

Migration and life in Neshapur:
Due to these intermittent political disturbances in Sistan,Hazrat Khwaja Ghiyasuddin Hasan(father of Khwaja sahab), one day decided to pack up and leave Sistan for a safer place. He migrated with his family to Neshapur, the Capital city, which was one of the most flourishing cities in those days. It was a great centre of intellectual and economic activities and possessed the famous "Nizamia" university with a precious library that contained a rare collection of Oriental literature. There lived learned Ulema and reputed Sufis who imparted knowledge in moral and spiritual enlightenment to scholars drawn from far and near. There lived physicians and artists of rare qualifications.There were rich gardens and canals with flourishing agricultural fields. One of the suburbs was called Rewand which was famous for its grape orchards.It is recorded that Hazrat Khwaja Ghyasuddin Hasan(R.A) bought an orchard with a windmill in this vicinity to settle down for a peaceful life.

No peace of mind: "Man proposes but God disposes".
The peace in search of which Hazrat Khwaja Ghiyasuddin Hasan(R.A) had migrated to Neshapur was not to be had even in this great city. Here too the people were hanging in a terrible suspense between life and death. The brave Sultan Sanjar had been fighting the Tartars at the borders to check them for along time without Success. Due to his prolonged absence from the capital his administrative machinery was showing signs of disintegration. Internally, the Fidayees of the 'Qarmti and 'Baatini' sects (one of whose members had already murdered the able Wazeer Nizamul Mulk) had also come out of their hide-outs and were roaming about the country unabated, spreading wild fire of rebellion all round. These armed hordes were busy in wholesale plunder and massacre of the innocent people.
These awe-inspiring events had a very deep impression on the mind of the Hazrat Khwaja Moinuddin Hasan Chishty(R.A) who was watching the whole barbarous drama objectively at his impressionable young age.

The 'Qarmti' and 'Baatani' intriguers had carried centuries' old grudge against the Hanafi Muslims who held both temporal and spiritual powers in succession for more than 500 years after the Holy Prophet (S.A.W). Although it was an age-old grudge but, as Islamic history shows, they utterly failed in all their designs to destory their rivals. Islam has survived many vicissitudes of history and Quran has promised its survival up to the last Day-of-Judgment.
Demise of parents:
Gharib Nawaz again saw all this ghastly drama at his early age. But this was not all for him. Just at this time he lost his dear father (551 A-H.) and the worst part of it was that he had already lost his dear mother too. Khwaja Sahab,was now left all alone to look after himself in a world full of hate, murder and greed. Although, by virtue of legacy, he had enough material resources to sustain himself in his traditional standard of life, but the sack of Neshapur coupled with the death of his dear parents plunged him into deep thinking. At times he was overwhelmed with grief and saw a very vague picture of this terrible world though he bore it out with courage and exemplary forbearance. He was a hardworking youth and looked after his orchard personally, trimming and watering the plants with his own hands.

Yet another sack:

Hardly a year had passed after the sad death of Hazrat Khwaja Moinuddin's father, when the mischievous Tartars once more ransacked Khorasan and repeated the same bloody drama of murder, arson and loot. This time Sultan Mahmood, one of the brothers of Sultan Sanjar, came forward to check the invaders but he too failed to rout them. Neshapur was again the scene of the same ghastly tragedies which our pen shivers to describe. And once more Khwaja sahab was overwhelmingly dismayed to see these scenes of terrible devastation. He often plunged himself into deeper thoughts about these ugly events in order to try to come to some definite conclusion about his own future course of life. The thought of helping the helpless humanity against all such persistent pillage always tormented his tender heart. Yet he could not come to any definite conclusion.

Destined for a Sacred Mission:
As helpless human beings, we can never understand the will of the Almighty God. Should we surmise that by exhibiting these tragedies perhaps God Almighty meant to show Khwaja sahab the sins of this wretched world in order to prepare him for a mighty divine mission of reform and peace for the mankind? As it will be seen later on, the Almighty did mean this for which He enlightened the mind of the young Khwaja sahab quite unexpectedly. How he was equipped providentially for this great and sacred mission, and what a wonderful role he was destined to play in India, will be seen in the following pages. Whenever injustice, oppression and greed reigned supreme in this world. God has always been merciful to mankind by sending His saviours to fight the Satanic forces and put the people on the path of righteousness and mutual love.

Hazrat Khwaja Moinuddin Hasan Chishty (R.A) used to ponder, for hours together, over the ugly scenes of the ghastly massacre in Khorasan which he had been witnessing with great pain for several years ever since his younger days. With these tragic impressions, his interest in worldly life and pleasures was diminishing fast. Inwardly he was very much worried and longed to be away from such a mad world if he could manage to see a way out.

The childhood of Khwaja Gharib Nawaz (R.A) was full of miseries and hardships. He spent his youth in search of knowledge and truth. At the age of about 50 years, when he has almost settled in Ajmer and the preaching services were on the top, he dreamt Prophet Mohammed (S.A.W) who said," O Moinuddin! You have been very active in obeying Allah's orders but why didn't you follow my sunnah.". Thus , Khwaja Gharib Nawaz (R.A) made two marriages, one after another.

1. Hazrat Khwaja Fakhrudin (R.A):
He was the eldest son of Khwaja Gharib Nawaz (R.A) he was a great saint and a scholar as well, he died in Sarwar town some 40 miles away from Ajmer, his URS is celebrated on the 6th of shaban every year with great Favour.

2. Hazrat Khwaja Hissamuddin (R.A):
He was the 2nd son and was also a great saint as well, he possed the quality of salvation, he made tough excessive for self-purification at the age of 45, he disappeared from the human eyes and joined religious fraternity.

3. Hazart Khwaja Ziauddin Abu Sayeed (R.A)He was the youngest son of Khwaja Gharib Nawaz(R.A) his mazar-e-mubarak is in the premise of the shrine.
4. Hazrat Bibi Hafiza Jamal (R.A)She was the only daughter of Huzoor Gharib Nawaz (R.A) she was of great religious personality. she guided thousand of women to the righteous path her mazar-e-mubarak is located just near the mazar of Huzoor Gharib Nawaz (R.A.).
It will not be out of place to mention that the lineal descendants of Khwaja Sahib extinguished after three generations. The Khadims of Khwaja SB. performed all the functions attached to the shrine as is evident from various Farmans of Akbar and other Moghal kings, supported by such authentic historical works as Akbar Nama, by Abul Fazl.

Since his early age, Khwaja Sahib(R.A.) was fond of the company of dervesh, sufis and faqirs and had a great respect for them. One day, as to routine when he was watering the plants, a Mazhoob arrived there. The Mazhoob was Sheikh Ibrahim Qundoozi (R.A.). When the young Khwaja Sahib saw the old man, he left his work and stepped forward and welcomed him. He kissed the hand of the oldman, took him to a tree and requested him to sit under its shadow. At that time Khwaja Sahib had nothing to offer him. It was the grape season and the bunch of grapes were there on the trees. He plucked a bunch of sweet and juicy grapes, offered him and then sat in front of him respectfully.

Ajmer in 1880
The God-loving Mazhoob liked his gesture and enjoyed few pieces of grapes with pleasure. The enlightened Mazhoob immediately recognised that the promising child was in search of truth. So he took out a piece of oil cake, crushed it under his teeth and put into the mouth of Khwaja Sahib. As he had a great respect and love for dervesh and faqirs, he swallowed it. And lo! all of a sudden, the entire world lost its importance and there was no barrier between him and the God. With swallowing of piece of oil cake, he was in spiritual world. When regained his consciousness, he found himself alone. Sheikh lbrahim Qundoozi (R.A.) had taken his way.
Though Sheikh Ibrahim Qundoozi left Khwaja Sahib alone, but it was unforgettable to him what he witnessed in the spritual world. He had a great desire to witness the same repeatedly. He tried his level best to have patience and restraint over himself but was unsuccessful. He could not control himself. He was now under great infiuence of love and passion and when his love for truth crossed its limits, the entire world became immaterial to him. Thus he sold his belongings, distributed the cash and his possessions among the poor and needy and set off in search of truth with a meagre maintenance.

EDUCATION - Departure for Bokhara
The immediate inspiration of the miraculous experience with Sheikh Ibrahim Qandozi was that Khwaja sahab renounced the world. He lost no time in selling away his orchard and the windmill along with all his other worldly belongings and distributed every pie of the sale proceeds among the poor and the needy. He then cut off all his ties with his dear and near ones bade them a last good-bye and left Neshapur for Bokhara, which was the seat of learning in those days in search of religious knowledge and moral education.
Khwaja Sahab, who had renounced the world in his early age, was seen walking, all alone, on the Neshapur-Bokhara highway, amidst jungle and animal life, without a friend, without a penny in the pocket and without any present or future hope of provision for his livelihood, resolutely determined to seek the Truth.

The ever growing discontentment of his earlier years, inspite of all his rich traditions and material possessions, had suddenly changed into a perfect contentment immediately after a divine vision received through the help of a great 'Mazhoob'. He seemed to be very happy with his apparently gloomy lot. At this stage, however, he did not know that one day he would be one of the greatest holy saints and 'Mujaheds' of his day in the history of Islam who would turn the tables of the evil world, who would apply the balm of solace and salvation to the wounds of the afflicted humanity and who would cause downfall of the pride and arrogance of the mightiest monarchs of his time to redeem the sufferings of the oppressed? Khwaja Sahab in a friendless world was playing in the hands of Destiny for an exceedingly grand mission and amazing career dedicated to the cause of peace and happiness of mankind.
Khwaja Sahab decided to go to Bokhara for his education because the famous oriental universities of Baghdad and Neshapur had suffered damage due to the ravages of continuous wars and plunder, but Bokhara had still some of the best educational institutions and the learned 'Ulama' of its time.
While in Bokhara, Khwaja Sahab received his education in all the oriental sciences and literature from many learned 'Ulema' of the day, prominent of whom was Maulana Hissamuddin Bokhari from whom he received his 'jubba' (cloak) and Dastaar-e-Fazilat' (turban of learning)-the two highest academical diplomas or "robes of learning" of that time.
At Samarqand
Having completed his education at Bokhara,Hazrat Khwaja Moinuddin Chishty(R.A) went to Samarqand which was also a great seat of learning in those days. There too he attended many leading institutions to perfect his knowledge in Theology, Philosophy and Grammar. The years of his education in Bokhara and Samarqand are reported to be between 1150 and 1160 A-D. or 552 and 561 AH.

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